Overview This chronic condition, which can be difficult to diagnose, results in pain throughout the body and a feeling of exhaustion that can last for months at a time. Fibromyalgia affects more women than men, and most often develops during early and middle adulthood.
Causes Doctors aren’t sure why fibromyalgia develops. It may be caused by a change in the way the brain perceives pain signals, resulting in increased sensitivity. It can also develop after a traumatic injury or disease, or after major surgery.
Symptoms Fibromyalgia may result in a range of symptoms, but typically pain is felt when slight pressure is applied to the muscles and joints. Tender areas often include the back of the head, neck, upper back and chest, elbows, hips and knees. Fibromyalgia may also result in unrefreshing sleep, headaches, irritable bowels and increased sensitivity to lights, sound, smells or touch.
Treatment Treatment plans are tailored to individual patients and symptoms. Treatments can include medications, relaxation techniques, and changes in lifestyle.